Sclerotherapy For Leg Veins
Schlerotherapy for leg veins is a medical procedure which involves the injection of a sclerosant solution into the prominent veins in the area. The sclerosant solution causes irritation and the eventual collapse of the targeted veins which are eventually absorbed into the body. Blood is redirected naturally to flow through other nearby veins.
Reasons For Sclerotherapy
As we age, our skin tissue loses fat and volume. This can cause the veins near the surface of the skin to become more obvious. Certain people, especially those with fair skin, develop prominent blue veins visible beneath the skin of the legs or breasts. While many patients are bothered by the appearance of prominent veins on areas such as the leg or breasts, the problem may not be only cosmetic. Since prominent leg veins may be the result of a persistent cough or cirrhosis, it is important for patients to seek medical diagnosis, not simply cover the offending blood vessels with high-necked clothing. Once serious causes of leg veins are ruled out, treatment to diminish leg veins and restore a clear appearance is safe, fast and successful.
Procedure Of Sclerotherapy For leg Veins
Sclerotherapy for leg veins is performed in the doctor’s office. This treatment usually takes only about 30 minutes. Some patients will only need one session of sclerotherapy to completely resolve the issue, while others may require multiple sessions. Anesthesia is not necessary, though patients experience a burning sensation and some cramping. After the skin is cleaned with an antiseptic solution, the sclerosant is injected into the affected veins with a very fine needle. The number of injections per session varies based on the number and length of the visible veins. After the sclerotherapy procedure, cotton balls and compression tape are applied to the injection site.
Risks Of Sclerotherapy For leg Veins
There are several risks involved in the schlerotherapy of leg veins. While these are rare and many are mild and/or temporary, these may include:
- Discoloration of the skin
- Ongoing problems with varicose veins at the site
- Itching, bruising, pain, and blistering where the veins were treated.
- Scarring resulting from ulcers or necrosis
- Severe reaction to the sclerosant
- Blood clots or damage in the deep vein system
Recovery From Sclerotherapy For leg Veins
Following sclerotherapy, most patients can return to work and other normal activities the same day. Compression bandages will need to be worn for several days after the procedure, and sometimes for as long as a few weeks. Strenuous exercise should be avoided during the initial recovery time. Some patients may experience mild bruising and swelling following sclerotherapy, but these side effects usually subside within a few days. The long-lasting results of sclerotherapy begin to show up immediately, and are typically fully visible after three to six weeks.